Who was Hulagu Khan? Hulagu was the Mongol conqueror, grandson of Genghis Khan. His brother Mangu, grand khan of the Mongols, directed him to quell a revolt in Persia. In 1256, in the course of his successful campaign, his forces virtually exterminated the powerful Assassin sect. Moving west to enlarge his conquests, he sacked and burned Baghdad in 1258 (executing the last Abbasid caliph) and captured Aleppo and Damascus in 1260. Further advances were checked by the Mamluks, who defeated him (Sept., 1260) at the decisive battle of Ayn Jalut (Goliath's Well) in Syria. Hulagu withdrew to Azerbaijan, adopted Islam, and founded the Il-khan dynasty. In the book "Hulagu's Web" his name is used because of his history of conquest over Iraq and the fact that Saddam Hussein was fond of comparing America as the "Hulagu of the new century." The name of an important government operation within the book is also named
The Mongolian Invasion
In Baghdad, Hulagu is claimed to have made a pyramid of the skulls of Baghdad's scholars, religious leaders, and poets, and he deliberately destroyed what remained of Iraq's canal headworks. The material and artistic production of centuries was swept away. Iraq became a neglected frontier province ruled from the Mongol capital of Tabriz in Iran.
Marco Polos relation with Hulagu Kahn
Marco Polo provided a detailed account of the rise of Mongol and Great Khan's life and empire. He described the ceremonial of a Great Khan's funeral - anyone unfortunate enough to encounter the funeral cortege was put to death to serve their lord in the next world, Mangu Khan's corpse scoring over twenty thousand victims.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia overview and history of Hulagu Khan. A very concise introduction to this ancient warrior and leader.