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LINKS :: SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT

The right or privilege of voting. The Suffrage movement in America was the challenge of women to obtain the right to vote.

The 19th Amendment became law on August 18th, 1920. The State of Tennessee was the last State to ratify the amendment.

The 19th Amendment states the following:
Section 1: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

One woman who attended the July, 1848 Seneca Falls Woman's Rights convention was Charlotte Woodward. She was nineteen at the time. In 1920, when women finally won the vote throughout the nation, Charlotte Woodward was the only participant from the 1848 Convention who was still alive to cast her vote. Eighty-one years old, she cast her vote proudly.

The great Suffrage March of 1913
On March 3, 1913, a band of suffragists in Washington D.C. staged such a remarkable demonstration for womenís rights that it has long been acknowledged as one of the high points in the 72-year drive for Votes for Women in the U.S.

History of Woman Suffrage in the United States
An overview of the timeline that was the path giving women the right to vote. It starts in 1776 and ends in current time.

Two Paths to Equality: Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith in the Era Debate, 1921-1929
In Two Paths to Equality, Amy E. Butler provides a fascinating portrait of two of the major adversaries in the 1920s' battle over equal rights legislation for women in the United States-Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith. While they shared the goal of full political and legal equality for women, they differed on how best to achieve it.

Jailed for Freedom: American Women Win the Vote
American women fought hard, and many paid dearly, to win the right to vote. Stevens saw action in the front lines of the battle and was one of the dozens of women imprisoned for picketing the White House. First published in 1920, this long-out-of-print book offers Stevens's firsthand account of the women who endured the indifference of Congress and President Woodrow Wilson, the abuse by the press and the police, beatings at the hands of mobs and forced feedings in foul workhouses to force passage of the 19th Amendment.

Vote's for Women's Suffrage
The Library of Congress has extensive and varied resources related to the campaign for woman suffrage in the United States. This selection of 38 pictures includes portraits of many individuals who have been frequently requested from the holdings of the Prints and Photographs Division and the Manuscript Division.